260MC: Portfolio Video


This video shows the work we’ve been doing behind the scenes in my portfolio, it has small annotations and links to show our research and ideas. Originally I was going to use Wirewax as that is known to allow you to add annotations to links in a more classy way however there were technical issues so I resorted to Youtube. Enjoy!


260MC: The Documentary!

Yesterday we finally had the filming of the models so we can document it for our exhibition. We had 6 models in total, 4 girls and 2 boys where we painted each other in white body paint and wrote horrible words on each other, including insecure words that we thought we of ourselves. We were then filmed individually looking depressed to show the oppression vs liberation stages. After that we all painted each other again in neon colours and used holi powder for texture and colour as well.

We then individually were filmed again, in a more confident way with neon lights. At first it wasn’t showing up on camera so much, but then we used the projector which illuminated the screen behind us with a blue background. After that we all were filmed as a group, dancing and having fun to expose our liberated side.

260MC: Introducing Interactive Documentary in the context of Critical Media Education

By Danai Mikelli- PhD candidate


  1. Background of the study
  2. Methods
  3. Positive Youth Foundation
  4. Knowle West Media Centre
  5. Imagineer
  6. Analysis
  7. Preliminary results


Background of the study

Theoretical Background

  • Paulo Freire (1927-1997) Pedagogy of the oppressed
  • Problem-posing educational framework vs “banking” method
  • At the heart of Freire’s pedagogy lies the concept of critical consciousness, which refers to raising the awareness of the oppressed and acting towards changing the oppressive elements of society.

What is critical media education?

  • promotes the use of divers types of media in order to question the roles of media in society
  • provides the basis for a “p

Interactive documentary

  • offers a new way to approach, understand , play and learn from reality as it proposes a challenge, provides data to make decisions, forces the brain to retain the data.
  • Mozilla Popcorn Maker (2011)


A new learning system

  • offers experiences that combine entertainment with a didactic and/or educational dimension


Research questions

  • how do young people from disadvantaged backgrounds engage with platforms/technologies designed for the creation?



  • Action research
  • ethnography
  • visual research methods


Data collection

  • the interactive docs created by young people
  • video elicitation interviews with the young participants
  • research diary reflecting on my teaching experience


Action Research

  • Form of participatory democratic educational research, carried out by practitioners into their own practices.


  • research on and in educational institutions based on participant observation and recordings of everyday life in naturally occurring settings
  • has the purpose to provide rich data

Visual Research

  • video elicitation interviews e.g. prompt discussions
  • combined with open ended interviews and focus groups


Positive Youth Foundation

First cycle of action research

  • PYF is a youth organisation in Coventry
  • 7 participants
  • Display their work

Second cycle

  • topics emerged from first cycle (what it means to be a teenager)
  • 4 participants started (aged 14-16)
  • only 1 made it to the editing stage

260MC: Discourse

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) saw texts as fundamental power not of democratic exchange.

Discourse=Language —-> Michael Foucalt—-> Discourse= all mean of expression



Discourse as defined by Foucalt refers to ways of constituting knowledge together with the social practices, forms of subjectivity and power relations which inhere in such knowledges and relations between them. Discourses are more than ways t=of thinking and producing meaning. They constitute the “nature” of the body.

Discourse makes it possible to construct the topic in a certain way. It also limits other ways in the topic can be constructed. The ability to limit= POWER


Marx and Althusser

One way traffic of power from the top downwards.


Collective Nouns- City Tribes

  • Chavs
  • Sluts
  • Hipsters



“Sets of ideas which give some account of the social world”

“Ideas which are usually and partial and selective”


Guy Debord- The Society of the Spectacle

In societies where modern conditions of production prevail, all of life presents


Situationist International

  • Art and Political movement
  • Dadaism Surrealism
  • Avant Garde
  • Anti Bourgeois
  • Radical
  • Anarchistic
  • A revolution of everyday life
  • Attacking boredom
  • Opposing old ideas, including traditional marxism of all kinds
  • “Communist” regimes seems just as bad as capitalism-bureaucratic and boring



Using existing images and revolutionising them.



The mirror image of détournement, The society of the spectacle recaptures revolutionary texts/images and recycles them in the service of the status quo.