260MC: Discourse

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) saw texts as fundamental power not of democratic exchange.

Discourse=Language —-> Michael Foucalt—-> Discourse= all mean of expression



Discourse as defined by Foucalt refers to ways of constituting knowledge together with the social practices, forms of subjectivity and power relations which inhere in such knowledges and relations between them. Discourses are more than ways t=of thinking and producing meaning. They constitute the “nature” of the body.

Discourse makes it possible to construct the topic in a certain way. It also limits other ways in the topic can be constructed. The ability to limit= POWER


Marx and Althusser

One way traffic of power from the top downwards.


Collective Nouns- City Tribes

  • Chavs
  • Sluts
  • Hipsters



“Sets of ideas which give some account of the social world”

“Ideas which are usually and partial and selective”


Guy Debord- The Society of the Spectacle

In societies where modern conditions of production prevail, all of life presents


Situationist International

  • Art and Political movement
  • Dadaism Surrealism
  • Avant Garde
  • Anti Bourgeois
  • Radical
  • Anarchistic
  • A revolution of everyday life
  • Attacking boredom
  • Opposing old ideas, including traditional marxism of all kinds
  • “Communist” regimes seems just as bad as capitalism-bureaucratic and boring



Using existing images and revolutionising them.



The mirror image of détournement, The society of the spectacle recaptures revolutionary texts/images and recycles them in the service of the status quo.



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