260MC: Best film movement for The Perfect Love Story

Criteria for the brief:

  • Diegetic sound only – No Music.
  • Your finished film must contain your own representation of your given image.
  • You must reference your chosen image at the end of your film, both visually and with text.
  • No hand-held camera work.
  • Composition is key.
  • You must use both artificial light and natural light in the film (though never the two in the same shot).
  • No special effects.

French New Wave:

  • Broke the rules of continuity editing
  • Jump cuts failed to maintain smooth flow from one shot to another
  • Shoot on location and natural sound
  • Low Budget
  • Handheld camera
  • Improvised plot and dialogue
  • Anti-heroes (no family etc)

This style doesn’t fully match our criteria because it requires handheld camera. It also doesn’t work well with our storyline because our protagonist isn’t an anti-hero, and our plot isn’t improvised whatsoever. We would shoot on location though, and use natural sound as we only can use diegetic sound.

Italian Neorealism:

  • Avoided neatly plotted story-lines
  • Documentation
  • Use of actual locations usually exterior
  • Non professional actors
  • Conversational speech
  • Avoidance of editing, camerawork and lighting

As mentioned before we will be shooting in actual locations however in terms of lighting we must use both natural and artificial lighting in order to display our skills of using space, lighting, and colour. We won’t be using professional actors, and will also be using conversational speech. This would seem like the more ideal movement to follow but because Italian Neorealism was set amongst the working class and the poor, it wouldn’t suit our protagonist because he’s middle class. Also this style preferred working with handheld camera as well which goes against the brief.

Cinema Novo

  • Non professional actors
  • Shooting on location
  • Known for their political films in their first phase
  • Began to depict middle class characters to attract the mass audience
  • Began to film in colour

German Expressionism

  • External settings must represent internal emotions
  • Insanity/Obsession
  • Evil/Obsessive characters
  • Crime
  • Urban Settings
  • Twisted architecture
  • Chiaroscuro – extreme lighting that incorporates dark shadows and bright patches of light
  • Silent – intertitles are used to fill in important dialogue. However, dialogue is secondary to behaviour of figure and the mise en scene
  • Shot purely within a studio – no expensive location shoots!

This seems ideal for our story as it has an extremely evil character and involves crime. It can involve urban settings and we were also planning to make the external settings connote the emotions being felt at the time. The extreme lighting can be used when we film in the last location because we want it to be dark. However German Expressionism doesn’t use dialogue or shoot on location, which is what we need.

Screwball Comedy

  • A set of opposed lovers: by gender, class, temperament, etc.
  • “Meeting cute” (especially screwball comedies)
  • Disguise/mistaken identity
  • The “Screwball” vs the passive partner
  • An inappropriate suitor
  • Possibly a “wily servant” intercedes (an actual butler/maid, best friend or worldly observer)
  • Often befuddled father figure/s are involved (seldom a mother in 30s/40s)
  • The absence of children (but dogs are okay!)
  • Sharp, witty language replaces sex
  • Often a journey involved (sometimes physical/sometimes emotional or both)
  • Journey as an “education” (but who teaches whom is the question?)
  • The “Green World” (where love can grow)
  • Reconciliation/surrender (“The Grand Gesture”)
  • Marriage or the promise of marriage

This doesn’t suit our film whatsoever.


  • Inherently structureless
  • Without traditional plots
  • Usually dark and filled with sexual imagery
  • Cuts between shots are unpredictable and disorienting
  • Highlighting the juxtaposition of seemingly unrelated images
  • Laws of time and space are often completely ignored

This could be used as inspiration for our film however it would be difficult because of the storyline. The dark surroundings could symbolise a sexual tension, and the unpredictable and disorienting shots could also be used.

Film Noir:

  • Usually in Black and White
  • Connotes no happiness as there is no happiness
  • Usually urban settings filled with dark corners and shadows to show that there is more than the eye can see
  • Little lighting but only to emphasise the darkness
  • Smoking is a key feature- used in every film
  • Shadows used to create mystery and evil
  • Femme Fatale; usually certain traits: beautiful, promiscuous, seductive etc. Create danger for those who fall for her
  • Women usually in red dress, red lipstick, fur coats, high heels etc
  • Male detective- usually main characters and usually have the downfall. Hard hearted, ambiguous. Their downfall is usually alcohol or women.
  • Guns
  • Reflections

This seems to fit our storyline perfectly as it involves crime, a femme fatal and we could use both forms of lighting. It also uses guns as a key feature. It also fits the criteria.


Cinecollage.net,. ‘Cinecollage :: Cinema Novo’. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Cinecollage.net,. ‘Cinecollage :: Italian Neorealism’. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Cinecollage.net,. ‘Cinecollage :: Screwball Comedy’. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Cinecollage.net,. ‘Cinecollage :: Surrealist Cinema’. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Evans, Rachel. ‘German Expressionism’. Mookychick. N.p., 2014. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Filmsite.org,. ‘Film Noir – Films’. N.p., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Wave, Make. ‘Make A Wave-French New Wave: Characteristics Of French New Wave Films’.Makeawave-frenchnewwave.blogspot.co.uk. N.p., 2012. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.



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